Hyphen magazine - Asian American arts, culture, and politics

Books: Between Reality and Magical Realism

If there was ever literary proof that the need for love and validation drives all human actions, then Peter Tieryas Liu’s haunting collection of short stories would provide it.

In Watering Heaven, Liu’s book of existential exploration, the reader is introduced to a cast of misfit protagonists in a series of stories that are part folklore, part modern criticism, and all-over absurd.

Considering that the first of the 20 stories, “Chronology of an Egg,” involves a woman who lays an egg every time she has sex, it’s safe to say that Liu’s stories are a bit unconventional.

But this element of magical realism and slightly off-kilter storytelling is hardly unwelcome. In fact, part of the reason why Liu’s stories are so fascinating is because, despite some of their more fantastic elements, they are rooted in the achingly real concepts of loneliness and loss.

Liu not only touches upon some of the most complex topics in literature and modern society, he poses questions: What does it mean to disappear? Is it possible to fall in love in an instant?

How do you define purity in art, and in artists themselves?

One of the collection’s standout tales, “The Wolf’s Choice,” follows a protagonist who attempts to change the negative trajectory of his life by getting extensive plastic surgery. The consequences of his decision, however, leave him no happier than he was prior to the surgery; if anything, it forces him to confront the true ugliness that his personal narrative has taken on.

The tale begins unconventionally, with a scientific formula, V=HD, describing the concept of velocity (V) in relation to distance (D) and Hubble’s Constant (H) -- a number used to measure proportions of change. More effort (V), more progress (D). Less effort, less progress and change.

Liu’s formula tests the connections between change and effort. For the protagonist in “The Wolf’s Choice,” then, deciding to change his appearance was a natural reaction to the negative events leading up to the surgery, so he just didn’t fight it.

“Somehow, these three digits summarized the universe into a trinity of letters, simplicity exemplified,” Liu writes. “It struck me, when I first learned the variables, how it would have taken a thousand times more energy to resist change than to accept it.”

It would have taken a thousand times more energy to resist change than to accept it.

                               Peter Tieryas Liu

Liu’s characters are, on the whole, the kinds of people that society would consider losers or outcasts -- a failed filmmaker, a wannabe photographer, a corporate employee who gave up his dream of designing video games long ago. They are all, in their own ways, searching for validation, a way to reclaim their pride.

But the lesson to be learned from their humdrum lives isn’t that it’s fine to accept one’s social status as status quo. Rather, it’s that being a fringe character means harboring an overwhelming desire to change oneself, to try on different disguises and see which one will garner the most praise.

And, ultimately, to have the capacity to understand what it means to truly welcome and even crave change.

And this is where Liu’s characters truly come alive. In each of the 20 short stories, Liu paints a sort of postmodern landscape, unconstrained by time periods or history or even the cities in which they take place. The setting is sometimes Beijing, sometimes Los Angeles, sometimes New York. It actually doesn’t matter. What does matter, however, is that Liu obviously chose these cities because they are such bustling international hubs, ripe for moments of transition, much the same way an airport might be.

And though the characters and the stories are ostensibly different, their message is ultimately still the same: people thirst for superficial changes because they seek blank slates and a chance to start over.

In “Staccato,” the protagonist explains how he escapes to Beijing for six weeks each year to invent a “new me,” mingling with strangers with newly concocted identities each time. And the people he meets are, similarly, doing the same thing -- everyone with a mask, an escape, a desire to recast themselves into a different role.

The problem with their annual retreat from reality, however, is that trying to escape life by creating another identity is actually misdiagnosing the problem. It’s not a new identity that these characters need, it’s a way to fix their current issues.

Liu brings up the concept of moths at one point in the story as a way to introduce that idea of misguided purpose.

“When moths burn themselves in candles and bulbs, it’s because they mix it up with the light from the moon … they burn to death in distractions,” a sage stranger tells the protagonist at one point in the tale. “Moths don’t eat, you know that? They’re born, they transform, they f--k, then they die.”

There’s a simplicity to the way that Liu breaks down these complicated concepts that really resonates with readers. And though grim at times, Liu’s stories -- which are tinged with influences from sci-fi/horror films and even a bit of Chuck Palahniuk’s gritty aesthetic -- are, in the end, reflective. His writing is distinct in its flair for the eccentric, but it is his ability to draw parallels between his imagination and the madness of everyday life that truly makes Watering Heaven a timeless collection.


Joyce Chen is a second-generation Taiwanese American journalist and current web editor at Us Weekly, where she pores over celebrity court cases, recaps “The Bachelorette,” and wades her way through all things entertainment and gossip -- with tongue firmly in cheek, of course. She was previously a multimedia editor at the New York Daily News, and originally hails from Cerritos, CA, graduating with degrees in print journalism and psychology from the University of Southern California, where she was the editor-in-chief of the Daily Trojan. Her writings have been published in People magazine, Los Angeles magazine and the Los Angeles Daily News.

Current Issue: 28

The R/Evolution Issue

We're talkin' 'bout a revolution! Our latest issue features key revolutionaries Grace Lee Boggs and Yuri Kochiyama, along with grassroots movements happening today.


Current Hyphen Magazine Issue

Hyphen Email Updates

Be Our Friend

Facebook Twitter YouTube Flickr

CAAM Fest San Jose 2015


CAAM Fest 2015